IAMH2O recognizes water as a basic need and a basic human right. IAMH20 seeks to support long-term sustainable projects that address the growing water crisis in developing nations and at-risk areas. IAMH20 is seeded in education and awareness. We strive to create collaborative, comprehensive, projects that bring together experts in the five pillars of its organization, water, food, energy, education and health in an effort to maximize the utilization of water resources in support of human capacity building. IAMH2O not only executes projects, but moreover strengthens each project through education-based training as it relates to the 5 pillars of its organizations. Look for us, as we look to YOU to be the change the world needs.
Our vision is to create a collaborative organization that brings together experts to administer a systematic model that not only addresses access to safe water but also administers projects that advance human capacity building.
Lack of clean water can be linked to the decline of education and skills development in rural and developing communities. For woman and children, who’s role it is typically to search and retrieve water for domestic use, the lack of clean water has place their prospects of literacy and education at a standstill. Water is linked to effective capacity building and is central to addressing the growing problems that face many impoverished communities today. IAMH2O is committed to capacity building. We recognize that it is the development of human capacity that makes a project long-lasting and sustainable. Partnering with institutions of higher education, private organizations and NGO’s that are entrenched in our respective communities we have developed a program call Solutions Learning.
This program does not only identify the varying problems that exists in a community, but moreover champions avenues for addressing those problems by focusing on enhancing basic skills in key areas that have deeper impact to the community at large. Utilizing experts in varying areas such as farming/agriculture, water drilling/engineering and health/hygiene, to name a few, IAMH2O is committed to developing a Back-to-Basics Program to enhance a communities capacity to not only maintain itself but eventually participate in the social and economic marketplace. We encourage our partnering communities to use their resources (i.e. water) to advance sustainable solutions to their central problems. Basic skills can help grow a non-existent and or fledging local economy by providing avenues for innovation. Artisans, entrepreneurs and apprenticeship can create staple figures in a community that can help maintain health, wellness and development. An investment in individual capacity building can break the cycle of poverty that is pervasive in many developing communities. But before basic skills, basic needs such as water must be addressed. IAMH2O through the help of its partners will offer to communities an initial training program that is focused in key development areas. The community in turn will have the opportunity to request additional training in an area of choice that is focused on the use of indigenous resources for the advancement of their community, language learning (such as English or French) and or green technology. The community will also be encouraged to share their skills as a part of their “graduation” from the program. Food and water security is dependent on not just the advancement of one but the of all. Below are some proposed courses: · Well digging/ water quality assessment · Fish Farming · Sawing · Husbandry · Carpentry · Agriculture · Food, Nutrition and Health (Osteopathic Medicine) · Well digging · Mid wife · Eco farming
Recognizing that the communities we are partnering with do not readily speak English or most mainstream languages, IAMH2O will focus its training predominantly on picture illustrations, video demonstrations and hands on training. We will also invest in an indigenous translator to eventually convert all training materials as the program advances. What is the Global Solutions/Global Design Class? Locally, Iamh2o has collaborated with IUPUI School of Engineering to pilot a class to teaching students of varying disciplines about the issue of and issues related to the growing water crisis. The class is a two part series that allows students to become the “change makers” by designing a global solution during the second phase of the course know as the Global Design Challenge. IAMH2o with sponsorship from local business and organizations will assist in implementing the viable project designs that are produced from the class in a community that might best benefit from its use.
The IAMH2O team is currently working to establish partnerships with overseas communities in need of development assistance. Prospective partners are being identified in a variety of ways, including connections established through conference attendance, previous overseas work, and academic environments dedicated to development research. The use of online forums devoted to water security, including IAMH2O’s own FaceBook page, has also proven valuable as a means of establishing contact with potential partner communities. Once overseas partners have been identified, cooperative development work will proceed through a five-phase action plan. These phases are as follows: Phase I: Access Phase II: Sustainability Phase III: Wellness Phase IV: Economic Development Phase V: Replication and Ownership IAMH2O also participates in conferences, discussing varying aspects of its five pillars as well as the importance of “solutions learning” as a central part of sustainable development. Members of the IAMH2O teams also participates in the administration of the Global Solutions class at IUPUI School of Engineering.
The quench the thirst challenge is a partnership program between IAMH2o and HumanKind water to help bring safe, clean water to developing countries and at risk area in Africa. We challenge local business, individual and corporation to switch out there bottled water for a bottle of HumanKind Spring water. Every time a case of Humankind water is sold, HK is committed to donating 100% of the net profit to well projects throughout the world and collaboratively IAMH2O will also done 100% of its profit toward sustainable project s as it related to one of its five pillars: Water, Food, Energy, Education and Health. One bottle = 2 sustainable water projects in a developing country and or at risk area.
Humankind Water exists to bring clean water to people in need. 100% of all public donations and Net profit directly fund water projects for unprivileged communities around the world. For more information about Human Kind check out their site. http://humankindwater.org/
Most developing countries face serious problem with almost half of the population of Africa suffers from one of the six major water-related diseases, such as diarrhea, which kills millions of children worldwide millions every year.
The grow water crisis also effects developed nations such as Spain, Australia and parts of the United States due to drought, pollution, overuse and or mismanagement.
Water is a limited natural resource and fundamental for life and health. In 2000, the World Health Organization estimate that of the world's 6 billion people, at least 1.1 billion lack access to safe drinking-water and 2.4 billion persons live without access to sanitation systems. An estimated 14 to 30 thousand people, mostly young and elderly, die every day from avoidable water-related diseases (e.g. diarrhea diseases). The lives of these people who are among the poorest on our planet are often devastated by this deprivation, which impedes the enjoyment of health and other human rights.
Numerous fundamental human rights cannot be fully realized without water:
Right to life: Without water, no life can be sustained.
Right to food: Water is essential for farming: almost 70% of all mobilized freshwater is used for agriculture1 and it is estimated that more than one third of global food production is based on irrigation.
Right to self-determination: this right also includes the right of all people to manage their own resources and is thus connected to a right to water
Right to adequate standard of living, cannot be realized without a secure access to water
Right to housing: As the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR) stated "the right to adequate housing should have sustainable access to natural and common resources, safe drinking water,...sanitation and washing facilities".
Right to education: The lack of proper supply of water forces children to walk long distances, often several times a day - thus missing school - to provide their families with water.
Right to take part in cultural life: The destruction, expropriation or pollution of water-related cultural sites represents a failure to take adequate steps to safeguard the cultural identity of various ethnic groups.
So, the right to water is indispensable for leading a life in human dignity, but often denied in developing as well as developed countries.
The right to water is a useful tool for meeting the Millennium Development Goals. 1 International year of freshwater 2003, visit website
In the Millennium Declaration, 2000, delivered at the close of the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in New York, 150 heads of state and government pledged to "halve, by the year 2015... the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water". The Johannesburg Declaration adopted at the World Summit of Sustainable Development in September 2002 also set a new target of halving the proportion of people who do not have access to basic sanitation by 2015.
To mark the UN International Year of Freshwater in 2003, the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights1 (More information on COHRE website), which monitors the implementation of the Covenant, adopted General Comment No. 15 (nov. 2002) in which water is recognized, not only as a limited natural resource and a public good but also as a human right. It's a decisive progress, at the international level, in term of legal protection of the right to water although it's not a legally binding document.
General Comment 15 was the first document that fleshed out in detail the right's content and clearly stated that the right to water emanated from and was indispensable for an adequate standard of living as it is one of the most fundamental conditions for survival. The Comment provides guidelines for States Parties on the interpretation of the right to water under two articles of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights2 - Article 11 (the right to an adequate standard of living) and Article 12 (the right to health).
As for all human rights, State Parties have 3 types of obligation:
Respect. Governments must refrain from unfairly interfering with people's access to water. Eg, disconnecting their water supply.
Protect. Government must protect from people from interference with their access to water by others. Eg, stopping pollution or unaffordable price increases by corporations.
Fulfill. Take all steps with available resources to realize the right to water. Eg, pass legislation, devise and implement programs and monitor their progress.
The CESCR calls for a progressive realization of these rights and acknowledges that - due to limits of available resources - immediate realization of this human right to water may be constraint. As a social and economic right, the right to water does not encompass a right to access to water, directly enforceable by each person against the state.
However, the right to water requires government activities to progressively increase the number of people with safe, affordable and convenient access to drinking water and to safe sanitation. This includes government policies and strategies that create economic, social and political conditions for such access. The right to water also includes the obligation to ensure non-discriminatory access to water, especially of the marginalized and vulnerable sections of society.
Accessibility - water being within safe physical reach, being affordable, being accessible in law and in fact, and information on water issues being provided Adequate quality - water for personal or domestic use being safe Quantity - water supply being sufficient and continuous for personal/domestic uses 1 The Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR) is the body of 18 independent experts that monitors implementation of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966) by its States parties (151 ratification). The Committee was established under ECOSOC Resolution 1985/17 of 28 May 1985 to carry out the monitoring functions assigned to the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) in Part IV of the Covenant. All States parties are obliged to submit regular reports to the Committee on how the rights are being implemented. States must report initially within two years of accepting the Covenant and thereafter every five years. The Committee examines each report and addresses its concerns and recommendations to the State party in the form of “concluding observations”. The Committee cannot consider individual complaints, although a draft Optional Protocol to the Covenant is under consideration which could give the Committee competence in this regard. The Commission on Human Rights has established a working group to this end. However, it may be possible for another committee with competence to consider individual communications to consider issues related to economic, social and cultural rights in the context of its treaty. The Committee meets in Geneva and normally holds two sessions per year, consisting of a three-week plenary and a one-week pre-sessional working group. The Committee also publishes its interpretation of the provisions of the Covenant, known as general comments 2 A Covenant is an international legal instrument. Thus, when Member and non-Member States of the United Nations ratify a Covenant and become a "State party" to it, they are wilfully accepting a series of legal obligations to uphold the rights and provisions established under the text in question. When a State ratifies one of the Covenants, it accepts a solemn responsibility to apply each of the obligations embodied therein and to ensure the compatibility of their national laws with their international duties, in a spirit of good faith. Through the ratification of human rights treaties, therefore, States become accountable to the international community, to other States which have ratified the same texts, and to their own citizens and others resident in their territories.
At the time when the original Universal Declaration of Human Rights was drawn up, it was assumed that all people would have access to safe water, as it is essential to all life. Water like air is so fundamental to preserving a right to life that explicit recognition was thought to be unnecessary, and thus little attention has been given to the question of whether there is a right to water. Consequently water was never named as a human right before now. A human right to water only gained explicit expression in two UN human rights treaties: - the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women (1980), - the Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989), as well in one regional treaty: the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child (1990). The Geneva Conventions (1949, 1977) guarantee the protection of this right during armed conflict.
In addition, the right to water is an implicit part of the right to an adequate standard of living and the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, both of which are protected by the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966). However, some states continue to deny the legitimacy of this right. In light of this fact and because of the widespread non-compliance of States with their obligations regarding the right to water, the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights confirmed and further defined the right to water in its General Comment No. 15. Adopted on 26 November 2002, this document provides guidelines for States Parties on the interpretation of this right under two articles of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights - Article 11 (the right to an adequate standard of living) and Article 12 (the right to health).
Yes, the right to water includes the access to basic sanitation. CESCR's General Comment 15 states that "Ensuring that everyone has access to adequate sanitation is not only fundamental for human dignity and privacy, but is one of the principal mechanisms for protecting the quality of drinking water supplies and resources. In accordance with the rights to health and adequate housing (see General Comments No. 4 (1991) and 14 (2000)) States parties have an obligation to progressively extend safe sanitation services, particularly to rural and deprived urban areas, taking into account the needs of women and children".
Explicit reference to the right to water has been made in two core international human rights treaties which are legally binding upon all states that have signed them:
the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (1979) Art.14 (2) State parties shall take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against women in rural areas in order to ensure, on a basis of equality of men and women, that they participate in and benefit from rural development and, in particular, shall ensure to women the right: (h) To enjoy adequate living conditions, particularly in relation to housing, sanitation, electricity and water supply, transport and communication.
the Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989); Article24 (1) States Parties recognize the right of the child to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health and to facilities for the treatment of illness and rehabilitation of health...(2) State Parties shall pursue full implementation of this right and, in particular, shall take appropriate measures: (c) to combat disease and malnutrition, including within the framework of primary health care, through, inter alia, the application of readily available technology and through the provision of adequate nutritious foods and clean drinking water, taking into consideration the dangers and risks of environmental pollution [...].
and also in regional instruments:
the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child1 (1990) Article14 (1) Every child shall have the right to enjoy the best attainable state of physical, mental and spiritual health. (2) State Parties to the present Charter shall undertake to pursue the full implementation of this right and in particular shall take measures: (c) to ensure the provision of adequate nutrition and safe drinking water.
The Protocol on Water and Health2 to the 1992Convention on the Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International lakes, European Commission of the United Nations for Europe (1999) Article4(2): Parties shall, in particular, take all appropriate measures for the purpose of ensuring: (a) adequate supplies of wholesome drinking water...;(b) adequate sanitation... Article5: Parties shall be guided in particular by the following principles and approaches: (1)...equitable access to water, adequate in terms of both quantity and of quality, should be provided for all members of the population, especially those who suffer a disadvantage or social exclusion. Article6(1): The Parties shall pursue the aims of: (a) access to drinking water for everyone; (b) provision of sanitation for everyone.
Charte des Eaux du Fleuve Sénégal (2002)3 Art.4: les principes directeurs de toute répartition des eaux du Fleuvevisent à assurer aux populations des Etats riverains, la pleinejouissance de la ressource, dans le respect de la sécurité despersonnes et des ouvrages, ainsi que du droit fondamental de l'homme àune eau salubre, dans la perspective d'un développement durable.
The right to water has been enshrined in other regional instruments which haven't yet entered in force. Several resolutions and declarations have also explicitly recognized the right to water (a list is available on this document pdf).
In addition, the United Nations human rights agencies, regional human rights bodies and a wealth of jurisprudence from national and local courts have all interpreted the right to water as being implicit under other human rights, such as the right to life, the right to an adequate standard of living and the right to health. The rights to life and health have been enshrined in both UN and regional human rights instruments (see document).
In addition to recognizing the rights to life or health, the national legislation of several countries has explicitly recognized a right to water and/or the obligation of the state to provide everyone with access to clean water. The following states have included the right to water in their Constitution:
Const. (2005) Art.48 :Le droit à un logement décent, le droit d'accès à l'eau potable et à l'énergie électrique sont garantis.
Const. (1998) Art.90(1): Every Ethiopian is entitled, within the limits of the country's resources, to ... clean water.
Const. (1996) Art.216(4): The State shall endeavor to facilitate equal access to clean and safe water.
Draft Const (2005) Art.65:every person has the right to water in adequate quantities and of satisfactory quality. Art. 66: every person has the right to a reasonable standard of sanitation.
South African Bill of Rights (1996), Section 27: (1) Everyone has the right to have access to (a) health care services, including reproductive health care; (b) sufficient food and water; and (c) social security, including, if they are unable to support themselves and their dependants, appropriate social assistance (2)The state must take reasonable legislative and other measures, within its available resources, to achieve the progressive realization of each of these rights
Const. (1995) Art.14: The State shall endeavor to fulfill the fundamental rights of all Ugandans to social justice and economic development and shall, in particular, ensure that... all Ugandans enjoy rights and opportunities and access to education, health services, clean and safe water, decent shelter, adequate clothing, food, security and pension and retirements benefits.
Const. (1996) Art.112: The State shall endeavor to provide clean and safe water.
Const. (1998) Art. 23: Sin perjuicio de los derechos establecidos en esta Constitución y en los instrumentos internacionales vigentes, el Estado reconocerá y garantizará a las personas los siguientes:... 20. El derecho a una calidad de vida que asegure la salud, alimentación y nutrición, agua potable, saneamiento ambiental; educación, trabajo, empleo, recreación, vivienda, vestido y otros servicios sociales necesarios.
Const. (2004) Art. 47:El agua es un recurso natural esencial para la vida. El acceso al agua potable y el acceso al saneamiento, constituyen derechos humanos fundamentales.
United States of America
Massachusetts and Pennsylvania Constitutions recognize the right of people to pure water.
In Europe, Belgium will be the first state to include the right to water in his Constitution: on 19 April 2005, the Belgian federal government has adopted a & quot;water resolution" in which it recognizes access to safe water as a human right that should be included in the Belgian constitution. Many other countries have used other rights enshrined in national legislation, such as the right to a healthy environment, to enforce the right to water. 1 Adopted on 11 July 1990 and entered in force on November 1999 2 Ratified by 16 countries and entered in force in August 2005 3 Signée par la république du Mali, la République Islamique de Mauritanie et la République du Sénégal
The right to water does not mean that water has to be delivered for free, but it must be affordable, as well as safe, accessible and sufficient. However, through the acceptance of a right to water, there is explicit recognition that water is a social and cultural good, as well as an economic good. This point was confirmed in CESCR's General Comment 15. Any payment for water services must be based on the principle of equity, ensuring that these services, whether privately or publicly provided, are affordable to all, including socially disadvantaged groups.
The quantity of water that should be available is not specified in the General Comment on the Right to Water. Instead, it states that water must be sufficient and continuous for personal and domestic uses, and refers to the guidelines of the World Health Organization on water requirements. Although the WHO have referred to the minimum drinking water amounts as 2 liters per day in temperate climates and 4.5 liters per day in hot climates for people carrying out manual work, it is difficult to obtain a consensus on the amount of water required to meet basic needs due to variation in requirements resulting from factors such as health, climate and work conditions.
A water secure world integrates a concern for the intrinsic value of water with a concern for its use for human survival and well-being. A water secure world harnesses water's productive power and minimizes its destructive force. It is a world where every person has enough safe, affordable water to lead a clean, healthy and productive life. It is a world where communities are protected from floods, droughts, landslides, erosion and water-borne diseases. Water security also means addressing environmental protection and the negative effects of poor management. A water secure world means ending fragmented responsibility for water and integrating water resources management across all sectors – finance, planning, agriculture, energy, tourism, industry, education and health. This integration is at the heart of GWP’s strategy. A water secure world reduces poverty, advances education, and increases living standards. It is a world where there is an improved quality of life for all, especially for the most vulnerable—usually women and children—who benefit most from good water governance